Eventos Académicos, 39 ISCHE. Educación y emancipación

Tamaño de fuente: 
The Guidelines of the Industrial Education and its Implications in the Industrial School of Natal (1942-1959)
Olivia Medeiros Neta, Nina Maria Sousa Silva, Ulisséia Ávila Pereira

Última modificación: 2017-07-17


This paper aims to analyze the curricular organization of the Industrial School of Natal (EIN) from the legislation that establishes the bases of the organization of the industrial education system in Brazil in the years 1942 and 1959. The documental corpus for the work is composed of laws, decrees and ordinances related to the professional education at the national level and, specifically, those destined to EIN. The conceptions of curriculum and professional education guide our analysis that, methodologically, makes use of the historical interpretation and the indiciary method to configure a history of the curricular organization in the Industrial School of Natal from 1942 to 1959. Thus, for this history of professional education, the Organic Law of Industrial Education, from 1942, the Federal Law n. 3,552, dated from February 16, 1959, and the Decree 4,038/59 are considered the main regulatory provisions for the industrial education in Brazil and, by extension, in Rio Grande do Norte. In 1942, with the promulgation of the Organic Law of the Industrial Education, the industrial education underwent profound changes in its curriculum and organization. The EIN started to select students already with the complete primary education to attend the industrial courses with the duration of four years. These students would have, in a concomitant way, a basic training in a specific technical area and the studies of knowledge of general culture. At the end of the 1950s, the EIN would undergo significant changes in the administrative, didactic and financial fields, following the publication of the Federal Law n. 3,552/1959 and the Decree 4,038/1959. With the Decree n. 4,038/1959, the industrial education began to be offered through courses of industrial learning, basic industrial and technical industrial. In the specific case of the basic industrial course, level of education provided by the EIN, the new legislation did not preserve the diversity of courses at this level of education, it changed its purpose by establishing only one course, with the aim of providing a foundation of general culture with some notions of various trades acquired, basically, through the practices of workshops. This law determined secondary course characteristics of the first cycle with technical orientation, once the curriculum of the different series of the basic industrial course comprised subjects of general culture, practices of workshops and educational practices. Finally, this study pointed out that the curricular restructuring of the Industrial School of Natal in 1942 and 1959 meets the guidelines for industrial education in Brazil in the referred period.