Eventos Académicos, 39 ISCHE. Educación y emancipación

Tamaño de fuente: 
Voyages as a way to Pedagogic Emancipation
Aires Antunes Diniz

Última modificación: 2017-07-16


Consulting archives, Pedagogy textbooks, newspaper articles and also texts about Regional Development published by Orbelino Geraldes Ferreira, we know that he was born at Santa Comba, Vila Nova de Foz Côa at 19th July 1913 and extended his holidays at 1952 with support of High Culture Institut for visiting Brazil.

Here he had a pedagogic experience and also about social and economic development that change his mind, becoming a New State faultfinder. Before he was his ideologue with José Maria Gaspar that wrote “also at didactic matters we need to transform revolutionary fervour in revolutionary discipline, sacrificing to Portuguese School ideals foreign ephemerons school notabilities, for not doing a pedagogic civil war with future murders of national education unity” (Gaspar, 1945, p. 34). So, he wrote: “To go to Brazil is worthy for valorising our culture and to teach a History where Brazilian History connects” (1953, p. 213). He condemns: “Street life at Rio de Janeiro and S. Paul is boisterous and noisy, within a constant scramble where human condition was completely undervalued”, where: “At Brazil, it was immensely generalized particular teaching, mainly at great cities, becoming State School the last resort for poor people…while rich people establish an unsurmountable barrier, creating a rich private teaching, almost always not educative, democratically antidemocratic” (1953, p. 42). But, about classroom organization, he highlights: “Brazilians saw this problem and they were trying to solve it honestly: we don’t want to think about troubles brought for school where class are formed disorderly, with pupils of different mental ages and different skills for common schoolwork.” (1953, p. 46). For him, all must be done within an emancipatory manner, preparing «Portuguese New School Didactics» (Ferreira, 1953, p. 12).

Consequently, before to write Didáctica Prática (1954), he established a plan, asking for cooperation from Rafael de Barros Soeiro and José Maria Gaspar, where the first gave acceptable personal reasons to decline, but the second “offered some résumés for first chapters and some information’s inserted at chapter about «apprenticeship».” He censored him because, by unknown reasons, he doesn’t obtain desired cooperation, continuing alone this book (pp. 7-8). After, he criticized at 1957 Mocidade Portuguesa, a New State Organization, being punished with a transference at 1958 to Vila Real School of Primary Teachers Training (Pintassilgo and Pedro, 2013), where he affirmed himself as publicist and propagandist of their touristic potentialities.