Eventos Académicos, 39 ISCHE. Educación y emancipación

Tamaño de fuente: 
Rio de Janeiro Press in the 1800's: Homeschooling and its Advertisements
Maria Celi Chaves Vasconcelos

Última modificación: 2017-07-17


From the second half of the 19th century on, it is easy observable that there was an increase in the quantity of advertisements of products and services in the Rio de Janeiro court, and, among those services, there are several of prospective private teachers, and, specifically, homeschooling tutors, who worked in elite households teaching boys and girls. This paper wishes to show how the advertisements about homeschooling, specifically those of foreign women, who offered their services to families, showcasing their abilities and gifts to “teaching children” were presented and written. Among advertisements of “dresses and robes”, “very cheap books”, “fortune teller”, “irons”, “asthma elixir”, “runaway slaves”, hat makers, fashion designers, foreclosure auctions, self-titled “teachers” show up, desiring to work as “boy masters”, in the court as well as in farms in the Rio de Janeiro countryside. Each decade, from 1850 to the of the Empire, the characteristics described by the candidates increase, from information on their personal, moral and social condition, to their acquired certifications. This paper is, therefore, a collection of the results from a documental historical research on the field, in which press works as the document body, once they talk about aspects of what’s real and lived, making it possible to investigate, through press, the educational circumstances of the homeschooling practices used t6o educate in that time and historical context. The document body analysis shows that it is through press that homeschooling is exposed to discussions, but, above all, in advertisements, which demonstrate, by the quantity, details and demand of the function, the prevalence of the homeschooling option on the elites, finding clues that aid us to build the profile of its agents.