Eventos Académicos, 39 ISCHE. Educación y emancipación

Tamaño de fuente: 
On dictatorships and democracies: the experience of the homosexual movement struggle in Brazil between 1978 and 1984
Rosana Pena de Sa

Última modificación: 2017-07-17


This historiographical research arises issues to think about transformation processes in gender and sexuality conditions in Brazil, analyzed from documental sources such as the newspapers Lampião da Esquina and Chanacomchana, among othersproduced by the first groups of Brazilian homosexual movement, between 1978 and 1984.

The struggle experience searching for gender equality and free sexual expression of the social movements of women and homosexuals, since the sixties, was built into the political confrontation context imposed by dictatorships in several Latin-American countries, such as Brazil.

The questions and debates that emerges from the sources of this research describe data which provides not just matter for reflection about the struggle for emancipation against the military and civil dictatorship in Brazil, but also for understanding the contribution of these homosexual movements to the definition of new cultural paradigms established in the “redemocratization” process.

Looking into these documental content, other debates emerge, enabling the suggested approach, and pointing to old and new disputed meanings in the social movement conflicts between the various homosexual groups articulated in that period. Considering those conflictive association, it is important to inquire about how these social movements of lesbian, gay, cross-dressers, transsexual, etc., as well as the feminist, black and class movements (of workers and/or syndicalist, e.g.), among lots of other Latin-American social movements, organized themselves in face of its multiple identities, considering the variety of political subjects, and moving in order to organize those identities in a multidimensional net.

In this sense, from these issues, how one could inquire about the construction way of lesbians, gays, bisexuals, transsexuals, cross dressers, etc., as political agents, demonstrating the violence of multiple oppression forces.

Lastly, from the Brazilian homosexual groups struggle experience, and from the definitions of their struggle strategies and interventions in the ethical and political debate on education, sexuality, family, and religion, I also conceived issues in order to think which possible changes these groups tried to undergo in the fields of education, family structure, politics, and in the use of the written media in the period.