Eventos Académicos, 39 ISCHE. Educación y emancipación

Tamaño de fuente: 
The education of the neo-colonizers: The Colonial School and the Oversea Research in the Portuguese empire (19th and 20th centuries)
Carlos Manoel Pimenta Pires

Última modificación: 2017-07-17


“The education of the neo-colonizers” describes part of the history of a science and a school responsible for forming expertise and public workers that carried out the Portuguese imperial utopia in the 19th and 20th centuries.

Therefore, firstly are narrated the crucial moments in the construction of the Colonial science, which was a specific field of knowledge created for getting more-power outside Europe and controlling primarily the colonized populations.

Some institutions and characters were elected as capitals to build this science: a biography of the explorer Lacerda and Almeida, who was qualified as the founder by specialized historiography, the history of the Geographical Society of Lisbon, which was the most involved institution in its realization in the 19th century, and the description and analysis of the intellectual groups’ academic production based in the overseas research board and the Colonial school in the 20th century.

The “Sociedade de Geografia de Lisboa” (Private Organization) and the “Junta de Investigações do Ultramar” (State Administration) chose the African individuals for behavioral interventions based on information collected from anthropometric and ethnographic datas and colonization’s archives. The aim of this group of experts would be changing the African primitive demeanor in something close to the Portuguese behavior. I mean, the introduction of a civilization process where the European telos in its Lusitanian form should be the final goal.

In other words, the researchers and the institutions that used to feel part of the scientific centers of European net were whom dedicated themselves to define the best way to colonize the world in the Age of Empires.

Furthermore, we add some reflections about the Colonial school's daily routine, which was a college from 1906 until 1962 when it was incorporated by the Technical University of Lisbon. This college sought many ways to reunite experts, professors and other professionals for structuring an educational system for the public workers allocated in the colonies for disciplining them according to the Imperial interests.

The school proved to be a possibility for re-articulation of the Portuguese forces and refinement of power over the native populations as the context was unfavorable for the maintenance of an empire similar to the 16th-19th centuries based on the triad: military domination with a police-destructive character, slave labor and local oligarch elites.

The establishment of a new configuration of the overseas domination meant fulfilling the demands of improvements in governance, only possible for the expertise of the three institutions of  the thesis  with the neo-colonizers' training in practices according to the precepts of Western civilizational process, the administrative rationalization and the knowledge produced in the metropolis.